Gaseous emissions in livestock production: advances in measurement and modelling from barn to the field



Stefania Pindozzi

University of Naples Federico II, Italy


Alberto Finzi

University of Milan, Italy


Marco Bovo

Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Italy


Elio Dinuccio

University of Turin, Italy


Agriculture is responsible for 10.3% of the EU’s GHG emissions and about 94% of NH3 emissions, thus threatening terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric ecosystems. The management of livestock manure is one of the major causes of pollution due to nitrogen and carbon losses, and particulate matter emissions. Reducing livestock impacts, and finding effective mitigation strategies is nowadays one of the main challenges for farmers.
To improve knowledge about the main factors affecting potential emissions from the whole manure management chain, reliable measurements related to NH3, GHG emissions, and particulate matter are necessary. This aspect is of relevance for the evaluation and comparison of different mitigation strategies devoted to the reduction/valorization of nutrient content. In this sense, modeling tools can provide farmers and institutions with more organized and complete information to make sustainable management choices for the livestock sector, based on a better understanding of the dynamics between territorial and meteorological conditions.
The session wants to create a forum discussion about measurement techniques to tackle the issue of gaseous emissions, encompassing also treatment strategies, as well as new technologies for gaseous detection inside and outside of the barn, up to the field.


We welcome studies addressing the following, but not limited to:

  • Measurement techniques and sampling methods for gases detection, innovative approaches are encouraged;
  • Gaseous measurement in the livestock farm (from the barn to field);
  • Efficiency of manure treatments in the abatement and recovery of nutrients;
  • Evaluation of the environmental impacts and assessment of the efficiency of combined mitigation strategies;
  • Modelling of nutrients losses, from local to a regional scale and on longer time scales (including tools for decision support).


Stefania Pindozzi, is Associate Professor of Rural buildings and Agro-forest Land Planning, (AGR/10) at the Department of Agricultural Science, University of Naples Federico II. Before she was employed as a researcher for five years and as tenure track for the subsequent three years in the same department, where she works since 2009. She holds a Ph.D. in Science and Technologies for Environmental and Forest Management at the University of Tuscia in Viterbo (Italy) and she has completed graduate studies in Environmental Engineering, with honor, at the University of Naples Federico II. In 2017 she was granted FFARB funds from the Italian ANVUR agency. In 2018 she has obtained the National Scientific Qualification as Full Professor. Since 2020, she is a member of the following centers: BAT Center – Interuniversity Center for Studies on Bioinspired Agro-Environmental Technology, hosted by the University of Naples Federico II, of the Interdepartmental Laboratory of Territorial Planning (LUPT), University of Naples Federico II, and the Task Force on Smart and Sustainable Mobility (SUM) of University of Naples Federico II. Her main research activities deal with: i) Manure management optimal strategies aimed at the reduction of environmental impact; ii) Ammonia emission assessment after animal manure application to the soil, with special attention to the implementation of innovative measurement techniques; iii) Land use change models for scenario analysis to assess ex-ante or ex-post landscape management strategies; iv) Implementation of spatial multi-criteria decision analysis combined with ecological indicators to support landscape management; v) Energy crops spatial allocation and their potential environmental impact. Research activities are carried out in the open field or in small-scale experiments, as well as with the use of software (ESRI ArcMap, InVest, etc.) according to the different research purposes.

Alberto Finzi, is a researcher at the Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at the University of Milan. The research activity concerns the study of livestock manure management systems and the effects of housing structures on animal welfare, in particular dairy cattle. Specific investigations focus on the evaluation of ammonia and GHG emissions from livestock activities; the application of indirect analysis systems to characterize manure composition; the assessment of technical and environmental performance of traditional and innovative treatments for the removal/recovery of nitrogen and phosphorous from manure.

Marco Bovo, is Researcher of Rural Buildings and Agro-forest Land Planning at the Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences of the Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna. He has graduated with honours in Civil Engineering and he holds a PhD in Structural Engineering and Hydraulics. His main research activities deal with: design and calibration of environmental monitoring systems for greenhouse gas emission measurement, modelling and analysis of environmental parameters in agricultural, livestock and agro-industrial buildings, thermo-acoustic optimization of building envelopes, LCA and CFD simulations, structural design of civil and rural buildings, PLF systems, energy production by renewable sources. He is member of the research team of the University of Bologna within the ongoing PRIN 2017 research project “Smart dairy farming: innovative solutions to improve herd productivity” and PRIMA Project “Self-sufficient Integrated Multi-Trophic AquaPonic systems for improving food production sustainability and brackish water use and recycling (SIMTAP)”. He is member of the Italian Association of Agricultural Engineering (AIIA), European Society of Agricultural Engineers (EurAgEng), and International Commission of Agricultural Engineering (CIGR).

Elio Dinuccio, is Associate Professor at the Department of Agriculture, Forest and Food Sciences - University of Turin. He has expertise in agriculture engineering with special regards to mineral and organic fertilizers spreaders, animal waste management concerning water, soil and atmospheric pollutions, nutrients application and agricultural by products valorisation. He has specific competences on particulate matter, ammonia, and greenhouse gas emission measurement, abatement strategies and manure treatment technologies, energy production from ligno-cellulosic by-products and energy crops.

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